The foot analysis - plantogram is a test that analyzes the distribution of pressures while standing and walking, digitally imaging the morphology of our sole. It offers valuable information regarding conditions of the lower limbs. It is a device with thousands of sensors, which record the pressures that are applied at every point of the sole, when they are in contact with its surface. This device is connected to a computer, which collects, processes and analyzes the specific information.
There are two types of measurement of the pressures:
- Dynamic. While you step on the plantogram device while walking, the individual pressures are recorded, as well as the resultant pressure that is applied on your sole.
- Static. When you stand on the device, at a calm upright position, the pressures that are applied on your sole are recorded and analyzed, with the human body weight as the unique load.
Easy and painless
It is an easy and painless process. You must take off your shoes and socks. For the dynamic measurement, the specialist will ask you to walk on the surface of the plantogram device, initially stepping with your right foot sole, while the left one must not be in contact with the measurement surface. After the plantogram is recorded, you must step on the device with your left sole, while the right one is not in contact with the device. In order to minimize the possibility of an error, the dynamic measurement is repeated three times, so that the specialist selects the most accurate one. For the static measurement, you must stand on the surface of the plantogram device, at a calm upright position.
The analysis of the measurements is performed by the computer and their final assessment is made by the specialist, who, if it is deemed necessary, will recommend the use of special orthotic insoles in your shoes, which will be specially made for you, based on your foot analysis/plantogram.
What are the advantages for you
- Balance of the forces that are applied to your body when you walk.
- Better shock absorption.
- Facilitation of your daily activities.
- Reduced muscle fatigue.
When it is necessary
Whether you will undergo a foot analysis-plantogram or not, will be decided by your attending orthopedist or physiotherapist, if they deem that you have some problem that causes an asymmetry of the forces that are applied on your skeleton when you walk or are standing up. Furthermore, it is possible that they deem that the test is necessary, in order to better diagnose your problem. The plantogram is usually performed for: • Foot sole disorders (asymmetries of the arch), such as flat feet, pes cavus, varus forefoot, metatarsus problems, heel spur (asymmetrical bone growth at the lower surface of the heel).
- Arthritis, osteoarthritis of the knee, hips, spine.
- Lower back pain during pregnancy or after childbirth. With the use of the special soles, the lower back area is relieved.
- Scoliosis, chondromalacia patella (very common in girls), calluses.
- Neuralgias, intervertebral disc herniation, sciatica, lumbago, problems in the lower limbs due to diabetes mellitus.
- Severe sprains, fractures of the lower limbs and of the pelvis.
- Muscle weakness.
- Limb length discrepancy.