The most predisposing indicator for coronary heart disease is the CCS (coronary calcium score). It is an easy and fast test thanks to the cutting-edge technology CT-scanners (EBCT – electron beam scanner). Since 2016, this test is recommended and is included in the guidelines of the European Society of Cardiology.
The examination of the calcification of coronary arteries with the use of a CT-scanner, allows in the most reliable and non-invasive way the detection, at an early stage, of the existence or non existence of coronary heart disease – before the occurrence of clinical symptoms of coronary heart disease – particularly in moderate-risk patients, as well as in patients with diabetes mellitus.
The Calcium score is a painless examination, that lasts only a few seconds without the use of a contrast agent, with a minor amount of radiation. The quantification of the calcification of the coronary arteries can help predict cardiac events in asymptomatic middle aged medium-risk patients, and not only in patients of this category.